"Indian" settlements in Ohio, 1700-1829
of Delaware Indian
towns & trails in Ohio
(Lenape) in Ohio
A note from Deborah
Cavel-Greant 13 Mar 1999
those who have an interest in this subject there's an excellent
paper on-line called
"More Motley than Mackinaw":
Ethnic Mixing to Ethnic Cleansing on the Frontier of the Lower
by John Mack Faragher of Yale University
couple of excerpts:
Delawares, and other Algonquian-speaking peoples of the southern
Great Lakes region, first emigrated to the lower Missouri
River country during the 1780s. The chiefs declared that "the
Americans...put us out of our lands, forming therein great
settlements, extending themselves like a plague of locusts
in the territories of the Ohio River. They treat us as their
cruelest enemies are treated, so that today hunger and the
impetuous torrent of war . . . have brought our villages to
a struggle with death."
Spanish hoped to shore up the security of their colony by
organizing an effective local militia among the Shawnee and
Delaware communities. By 1787 some 1800 emigrant Indians,
mostly Shawnees and Delawares, had settled in towns along
the War of 1812 emigrant Indians fought alongside Americans
against tribes allied with the British. When the Boone's Lick
country of central Missouri was under siege by Osages in 1814,
Governor Clark "sent out the Showoness & Delaways"
to protect the frontiers."
Remembering that many of the Sussex Co. Delaware (and Kent
Co too I presume) had emigrated west to Ohio in the mid 1700's
it is feasible that they and their descendents would be among
the group who chose to leave Ohio
for fear of the encroaching Americans - which may be why we
see surnames in common in DE and then in the Ozarks.
would take real genealogical diligence to prove - but wouldn't
it be a plum!
Found in Oklahoma Cemetaries
From Michael Helton MEH1988@yahoo.com
14 Jul 2003 -- Two or three years ago as a grad student in
NC I came across a volume series of books entitled Our
People and Where They Rest: A Visit to 104 old cemetaries
in Northeast Oklahoma by James W. Tyner and Alice
Tyner Timmons. There are 9 to 11 volumes, however, I only
photocopied Volume 2 where I found my surname Helton and Sisco
along with Harmon and Sanders. The other volumes may contain
other family names as well.I also came across a book on The
History of Broome County, NY, which contains information
on the Indians in that county and the history of the town
Students at Carlisle Indian School
Michael Helton MEH1988@yahoo.com
9 Mar 2004 (and Barbara Landis firstname.lastname@example.org)--
of Central Indiana by Laura A. Durham
Indians in Indiana
and Treaties in Indiana, 1783-1840
Great Lakes Woodland People (long loading)
Europeans first arrived along the northeastern shore of North
America, they encountered Indian residents of various Woodland
tribes. The map at right gives general locations of the early
homelands of the Woodland People.
the European population grew along the Eastern coast, some
Indian tribes were forced to move away from their traditional
homelands. Competition among the French, British, and Indians
for the fur trade resulted in conflict and warfare among the
Woodland tribes causing many tribes to move north and west
to escape the bloodshed.
the early 1700s, the area that is now Indiana and Ohio became
a refuge for numerous Woodland tribes. Some, like the Delaware,
Mohican, Nanticoke, Munsee, and Shawnee originally lived along
the eastern coast but were gradually pushed west by the growing
white population. Others, such as the Miami, Potawatomi, Kickapoo,
Piankashaw, Wea, and Huron returned to their homelands in
the southern Great Lakes as the conflicts over fur trade subsided.
The end of the American Revolution forced the Woodland People
farther west. The maps below show the impact of white settlement
on the Woodland tribes in Indiana. The Indians had an impact
as well; for example, many of their original villages grew
into Indiana cities and towns."
by Rita Kohn
"Brandishing a map of U.S. Indian reservations, exhibit
developer Tricia O'Connor points to the inkless six states
bordering the Ohio River. It's a big hole-not a single reservation
in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, West Virginia and
Kentucky. How to interpret that fact is the exhibit team's
challenge. "You can say there are no Indians here,"
states O'Connor. "Or, you could disprove the assumption,"
which is what O'Connor and Ray Gonyea, the Eiteljorg's curator
of Native American art and culture, are doing. Through diligent
cultural sleuthing, they've managed to illuminate the rich
heritage of the region's tenacious indigenous peoples, whose
traditions and influence have endured through time and immense
changes in a society where they are rendered nearly invisible."
1810 "Indian" Villages
connection between Indiana and the Delaware "Indian"